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Abbreviation
Designation
Description

3PL

Third Party Logistics
A company's use of a third-party to outsource its distribution, warehousing or other services
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4PL

Fourth Party Logistics
A company outsources its logistics organisation and management. 4PL providers often manage the complete supply chain on behalf of the manufacturer or service provider. B2B2C
 
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ADR

Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)
Goods that can do harm to people or the environment
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AGS

Aden Gulf Surcharge
Surcharge due to security measures when sailing through the Gulf of Aden (Pirates)
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ATA

Actual Time of Arrival
Actual time of arrival
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ATA-Carnet

An international customs and temporary export-import document
ATA carnet simplifies the customs clearance and replaces all export, import and transit documents. Read more about ATA-carnet here
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ATD

Actual Time of Departure
Actual time of departure
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AWB

Air WayBill
Freight document for air
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B/L

Bill of Lading
Freight document for shipping
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B2B

Business to Business
Trade between companies
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B2C

Business to Consumer
Trade between companies and consumers of the goods
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BAF

Bunker Adjustment Factor
Oil / Fuel Surcharge
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Barcode

Barcode
Identification of the goods
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CAF

Currency Adjustment Factor
Currency surcharge
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Cbm

Cubic metre
A volume that is made by a cube that is 1 meter on each side
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Certificate of Origin

Certificate of Origin
Certificate of Origin of the goods
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CFR

Cost and Freight
Delivered when goods is loaded onto vessel, harbour for delivery should be named. 
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Chargeable weight

Freight measurement
Weight converted out of volume
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Chassis

Chassis/Semihenger
Trailer for transporting containers
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CIF

Cost, Insurance and Freight
Delivered when goods is loaded onto vessel, harbour for delivery should be named. Consigner is responsible for insurance
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CIP

Carrige and Insurance Paid to
Delivered when goods is passed onto 1.carrier or terminal, consignor is responsible for insurance
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CMR

International shipping letter
International freight for road document which is legally binding
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COD

Cash on Delivery
Payment by cash, also called collect on delivery, no invoice possible
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COD

Change of Destination
Change of agreed delivery address
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Consignee

Consignee
Receiver of the goods
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Consignor

Sender/shipper
The sender/shipper of the goods is where the goods is sent/shipped from
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Control Tower

Control Tower
An expert group that seamlessly manages, drives and further develops the supply chain and product flow for your business
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Conversion key

Conversion key
Conversion factor from cbm/LM to weight
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CPT

Carrige Paid To
Delivered when goods is passed onto 1.carrier or terminal
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DAP

Delivered at Place
Delivered when goods is ready to be unloaded by the buyer at a named destination. Consignee responsible for cost of importing the goods
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DAT

Delivered at Terminal
Delivered when goods is unloaded to a named terminal. Consignee responsible for cost of importing the goods
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DDP

Delivered Duty Paid
Delivered when goods is loaded onto vessel, harbour for delivery
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Deep sea

Deep sea
Cargo shipped between continents
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Demurrage

Demurrage
Harbour rental fee in regards to containers
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Detention

Detention
Container rental fee
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DGR

Dangerous Goods Regulations
Dangerous goods regulations - rules for handling dangerous goods during transport
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Dry bulk cargo

Dry bulk cargo
Dry cargo shipped without being packed. For example sand and cereals
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EAN

European Article Numbering
Gives the product an unique number readable by a scanner
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EDI

Electronic Data Interchange
Electronic Data Interchange between computer systems
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ETA

Estimted Time of Arrival
Estimated time of arrival of goods and cargo
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ETD

Estimated Time of Departure
Estimated time of departure of goods and cargo
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EUR-1 certificate

EUR-1 certificate
EUR-1 - needed to custom clear goods from within the EU
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EXW

Ex Works
Delivered when shipper has made goods available for conignee
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FAS

Free Alongside Ship
Delivered when goods is placed along side vessel
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FCA

Free Carrier
Delivered when goods is loaded onto transport of the consignee
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FCL

Full Container Load
Full container load
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Feeder

Feeder
Feeders collect shipping containers from different ports and transport them to central container terminals where they are loaded to bigger vessels or further transport by truck or rail 
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FEU/FFU

Forty Equivalent Unit/ Forty Foot Unit
Forty foot Equivalent Unit/ Container
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FOB

Free On Board
Delivered when goods is loaded onto vessel
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FSC

Fuel SurCharge
Additional cost for transport according to cost of fuel in the period the goods are transported
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FTL

Full Truck Load
Truck fully loaded with goods.
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GSP Certificate

General System of Preference Certificate
Preferential treatment is given in the form of reduced or zero rates of customs duties for access to the markets of the European Union. The GSP scheme is specifically designed to benefit certain developing countries and integrate them into the world economy
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HAWB

House Air WayBill
Freight document for air transport, issued by an air freight forwarder
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HAZMAT

Hazardous Material
Goods that are of a concern that may include danger, flammable, corrosive, explosion hazard etc.
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HBL

House Bill of Lading
Freight document issued by a shipping forwarder to their customers
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IATA

International Air Transport Association
International Air Transport Association
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IOD

Information on delivery
Information on delivery
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LCL

Less than Container Load
Less than container load. 1 TEU equals a 20 feet container
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Lm

Loading meter
One loading meter is 1 meter of the loading length, and 2,40meter of the loading width. Height not included
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Lo/Lo

Lift on/Lift off
Lift on/lift off vessel using a crane
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MAWB

Master Air WayBill
Freight document for air transport issued by an airline carrier
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MBL

Master Bill of Lading
Freight document for shipping, issued by the shipping line
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Missing IOD

Missing IOD
Missing IOD, no information on delivery of the goods

Notify party

Notify party
Notify party regarding the arrival of goods
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NVOCC

Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier
Do not own a vessel, but can issue B/L
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PDA

Scanner
Handheld scanner for reading the barcode on the labels
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POD

Port of Discharge
Port the gods are delivered
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POL

Port of Loading
Port the gods are loaded
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Reefer

Refrigerated container
A temperature regulated container
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Ro/Ro

Roll on / Roll off
Roll on / Roll off the vessel with a truck
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SECA

Sulphur Emissions Control Area
Emission control areas for shipping. There are specific emission limitations for shipping within these geographical areas. Shipping companies in these areas are required to use fuel that produces lower sulfur emissions than traditional fuel.

The cost of this fuel is charged to the freight purchaser as a SECA supplement on the invoice
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Shipper

Shipper of cargo
Sender of the goods
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Short sea

Short sea
Loads shipped within a continent
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SLA

Service Level Agreement
Service Level Agreement regarding delivery times
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SSC

Security SurCharge
Additional cost according to safety risks involved
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Stevedore

Stevedore
Company that loads and unloads vessels and containers in a harbour
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Stripping

Stripping of container
Emptying a container
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Stuffing

Stuffing of container
Loading a container
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TEU

Twenty foot Equivalent Unit
Twenty foot Equivalent Unit/ Container
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THC

Terminal Handling Charge
Terminal and handling costs
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Transitt harbour

Transit harbour
A harbour where cargo is passing through
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ULD

Unit Load Device
Container, specially adapted for aircraft and air freight
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VAL

Valuable Cargo
High value shipments need special care to ensure a safe and secure transport
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W/M

Weight/Measurement
Weight & Measurement of shipment
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Wet bulk cargo

Wet bulk cargo
Wet cargo shipped without being packed, for example oil
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